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September 17, 2016
Advantages of a Dental Implant
September 20, 2016

Understanding the Most Common Dental Issues

Here’s an insight into some of the most common dental and oral health issues that everyone should be aware of:

What is Demineralization?

Demineralization is a serious oral health concern that arises when food accumulated in between teeth gets attacked by bacteria, resulting in the production of acid, which takes phosphate and calcium from the teeth. This leads to the problem of decalcification that is characterized by the appearance of “white scars.” These scars appear like small chalky white squares that make areas where braces were worn more prominent. These white scars can be highly sensitive as well.

According to dental health experts, braces don’t cause staining but the problem is experienced by people who ignore the importance of dental and oral well-being. It should be noted that braces-wearers are at a higher risk of experiencing decalcification as braces act as food-traps. And, the ideal strategy for avoiding demineralization is brushing the teeth following meals, flossing on a daily basis, and reducing soda intake.

Gingivitis: The Common Problem

The most common signs of the problem that results from inflammation of oral tissues are bleeding, swelling and redness. This reversible condition shouldn’t be ignored as it can even prolong the duration of the braces treatment.

Gingivitis can affect just about anyone but braces-wearers are at a higher risk of developing the condition because it can be really difficult to clean around the gum line with braces. The ideal strategy for preventing this problem is brushing after every meal and flossing once on a daily basis.

Sensitive Teeth

The problem of tooth sensitivity arises when the teeth’s underlying layer becomes exposed because of receding gum tissue. The roots that aren’t capped by protecting hard enamel have thousands of small tubules that lead to the nerve center i.e. the pulp. When these tubules are exposed, they cause stimuli to stimulate the tooth nerve, which causes pain and discomfort.

As teeth become sensitive, pain is experienced while drinking hot or cold beverages or eating sweet foods. Teeth also experience sensitivity following an adjustment as well but the orthodontist should be consulted immediately if chronic sensitivity is experienced.

While tooth sensitivity can affect just about anyone, braces wearers are at a higher risk of developing this problem. The main reason behind this is the cleaning difficulties and poor oral care during the course of the treatment. For preventing tooth sensitivity, the teeth should be brushed thoroughly after meals and flossed once on a daily basis.

Plaque Development

The sticky bacterial film, known as plaque, constantly develops and grows in the mouth. Production of plaque initiates when saliva and accumulated food particles combine. The combination of plaque and sugars leads to acid production, which is extremely hazardous for both the teeth and gums, while causing decay, gum disease and other oral health issues.

Just like other cases, braces wearers are at a higher risk of experiencing this problem. The accumulation of plaque starts right after 4 to 12 hours following brushing, which makes regular tooth-brushing and flossing a must-follow dental care practice.

Tartar and Teeth

Tartar, which is also known as calculus, starts building as a result of the hardening of plaque left on the surface of teeth. The crusty deposit not only traps stains on teeth but also causes the teeth to appear discolored. Tartar buildup can rapidly increase, which makes plaque removal really difficult. The dentist should be consulted immediately for treatment.

Dr. Bruno Silva
Founder and Principal Dentist, Brighton Implant Clinic.