Toothaches and Gum Issues – The Basics!

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Two of the most common oral health problems are toothaches and gum issues. And the reason behind this is the fact that most people ignore the importance of regular tooth brushing, flossing and proper nutrition, which are three essential elements of a healthy oral care routine.

Toothaches

Many people experience pain when the affected teeth are used for eating or drinking. The main cause of mild sensitivity is shrunken gums or worn-down teeth. Mild to extreme sensitivity can be an indicator of tooth cracks, dental cavities or loss of dental filling. Seeking the help of a dental expert is essential for preventing tooth death.

A highly common cause of pain in the teeth is dental decay, while toothaches may not be the cause of decay in very early stages. Furthermore, toothache may result from oral infections such as “tooth abscess”, a condition in which the affected tooth develops an inflamed, red bump. The teeth may experience painful sensations while biting down as well. Impacted teeth may also cause toothaches while red and swollen gums are yet another culprit behind the problem. The region surrounding the affected tooth can experience severe pain. Issues connected with tooth nerves in the pulp can also lead to painful sensations in the teeth.

At times, tooth aches can result from other health problems such as heart attacks, sinus infections as well as cluster headaches. In some cases, viral infectious diseases like shingles can also result in toothaches. In fact, diseases like diabetes and trigeminal neuralgia can also cause tooth pain. Experts have observed that toothache is also a common concern amongst alcohol or drug consumers as well as people with certain vitamin deficiencies.

Gum Issues

According to oral health experts, gums are in their best health when they are firm, pink, and most importantly, when gums don’t bleed easily. However, even the healthiest gums bleed when brushed too hard or flossed the wrong way. Therefore, experts recommend using soft-bristled toothbrushes and careful flossing to prevent gum bleeding.

Gingivitis is the first and most common stage of gum disease that is characterized by red, inflamed gums that experience frequent bleeding. Because this condition doesn’t typically cause pain, timely treatment is often ignored. But if this condition isn’t treated early, it can progress to more severe issues associated with the gum tissue.

As this disease spreads, the gums start pulling away from the patient’s teeth, leaving behind pockets for plaque to accumulate and cause further tooth damage. When gingivitis reaches this stage, it takes the form of periodontitis or in other words, gingivitis becomes periodontal disease, an oral condition caused by prolonged gum, bone and tissue infection. In the very last stages of gum disease, tooth loss may be experienced. And this is why, timely treatment is highly recommended for preventing tooth loss.

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