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What is an Oral Cyst?

The word “cyst” is used to describe a pouch or sac that develops under a person’s bone or skin. Some cysts are empty while others are filled with fluid. It is important to note that cysts aren’t cancerous.

Cysts are lined with a special tissue referred to as epithelium, which is often present in surface layers, like the skin and mouth’s lining. These sacs tend to develop when epithelium cells start moving into extremely deep layers of body while multiplying.

In most cases, oral cysts are present in the neck or head.  The sacs may affect the jawbone or the salivary glands, mouth’s inside as well as skin.

Different types of Oral Cyst.

In some cases, a jawbone cyst gets lined with epithelium, which typically forms teeth. Such a cyst can increase too much in size that it can result in bite issues.

An odontogenic cyst that is really big in size can make the jaw weaker as well since the cyst tends to replace the stiff bone tissue. As a result, the jaw is at a higher risk of breaking. Furthermore, the jaw can develop infection.

Another form of cyst, known as an odontogenic keratocyst, experiences a really fast growth. Treatment for this type of cyst is quite difficult. Another kind of cyst is referred to as the apical periodontal type, which is associated with tooth nerve or pulp infection. If the cyst develops at the tooth’s crown that hasn’t emerged yet, the cyst is called dentigerous. This cyst can result in the resorption of erupted teeth’s root.

Treatment of an Oral Cyst.

When a cyst gets larger and develops an infection, the patient may experience pain.  It can further promote the movement of teeth. If there is a cyst, an aspirate biopsy may become necessary.  A biopsy tends to determine the nature of cyst and how it needs to be treated. In the absence of treatment, a cyst may keep getting bigger. Surgery is very often required for removing the cyst.

 

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Dr. Bruno Silva
Founder and Principal Dentist, Brighton Implant Clinic.